Spatial characteristics and capacity investigation of indoor hotspot channel based on wideband MIMO measurement at 4.9 GHz

Xin NIE, Jianhua ZHANG, Chen HUANG, Zemin LIU, Ping ZHANG
The Journal of China Universities of Posts and Telecommunications ( Volume 17, Issue 3 )
DOI: 10.1016/S1005-8885(09)60466-0
Publish Year: 2010

Abstract: In this article, results obtained from wideband multiple-input multiple-output channel measurements at 4.9 GHz are presented. Measurements were performed in an indoor hotspot scenario with both line-of-sight and non-line-of-sight propagation conditions. Vertical polarized uniform linear arrays (ULAs) with different antenna spacing and orientation were utilized for investigating the impact of antenna configurations on the system performance. Based on measured channel impulse responses, the spatial correlation of ULA is analyzed and compared with the theoretical values calculated from the power azimuth spectrum. Following that, the eigenvalue statistics and capacity with respect to antenna spacing and orientation are given and compared. The diversity-multiplexing tradeoff (DMT) of measured channels at operational signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is also presented. The reason why the DMT of measured channels is much lower than that of i.i.d. Rayleigh channels is specified.

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