Theoretical Analysis of 3-D Channel Spatial Correlation and Capacity

Yawei Yu, Jianhua Zhang, Peter J. Smith, Pawel A. Dmochowski
IEEE Communications Letters ( Vol.22, Issue: 2, Feb. 2018 )
DOI: 10.1109/LCOMM.2017.2765307
Publish Year: 2018

Abstract: An approximate closed-form expression for 3-D channel spatial correlation (SC) is derived, given cross-polarized rectangular arrays and standards-based antenna radiation patterns. Furthermore, we evaluate the impact of 3-D SC on system performance and derive the capacity relationship between 2-D and 3-D channels. As expected, the 3-D channel is characterized by lower SC and higher channel capacity than its 2-D counterpart by taking the advantage of the additional degrees of freedom in the elevation domain, where the 3-D antenna arrays and the 3-D channel propagation are considered.

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