Huan SU, Jianhua ZHANG, Ke LI
The Journal of China Universities of Posts and Telecommunications ( Volume 15, Issue 3 )
Publish Year: 2008
Abstract: Cell search is an important aspect for 3G long-term evolution (LTE). This article deals with cell search in the time-division-synchronou code-division multiple access (TD-SCDMA) LTE system. On the basis of the synchronization channel (SCH) and cell specific reference symbols (CSRSs), the proposed cell search procedure includes five stages: frame detection and coarse timing, coarse carrier frequency offset (CFO) estimation, fine timing, fine CFO estimation, and cell identification. The key features of the proposed method are as follows: first, the neighboring three cells’ CSRSs are frequency division multiplexed (FD) to mitigate inter-cell interference. Second, the frequency domain differential cross-correlation, computed from CSRSs are maximally ratio combined for cell identification. Finally, the large set Kasami sequences are quadrature phase shift key (QPSK) modulated to be cell specific sequences (CSSs), to support a large number of target cells. Simulations show that the FD method is better than the code division multiplexed (CD) method.