Analysis and modeling of spatial characteristics in urban microscenario of heterogeneous network

Jianhua Zhang, Nan Sheng, Fenghua Zhang, Lei Tian, Guangyi Liu, Weihui Dong, Ping Zhang and Chia-Chin Chong
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking ( Volume 2011 )
DOI: 10.1186/1687-1499-2011-187
Publish Year: 2011

Abstract: Heterogeneous network (HetNet) is a typical deployment scenario for the IMT-Advanced system whereby the macro enhanced node B (eNB) provides the wide coverage while the lower power nodes such as micro, pico, femto, and relay nodes extend the coverage/capacity for coverage hole or hotspot. This literature addresses the spatial propagation modeling for urban micro (UMi) scenario of HetNet. Due to users distributed in canyon streets, the multipath with high power is not always coming from the line-of-sight (LoS) direction in UMi scenario. Moreover, considering the impact of the directional antenna pattern, the current IMT-Advanced UMi channel model may lead to inaccurate interference modeling. To verify this, multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) field channel measurement is conducted in downtown Beijing for typical UMi. Based on the measurement data analysis, the multipath’s angular offset from the LoS direction is clearly observed. In order to capture such spatial characteristic into the existing IMT-Advanced UMi channel model, the angular offset models are proposed for both LoS and non-LoS (NLoS) cases. Finally, the interference and capacity simulation prove that it is necessary to capture the angle offset model into the MIMO channel model in UMi scenario.

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