Multiuser Access in Distributed Multichannel Cognitive Radio Systems

Xiaofan Li, Hui Liu, Jianhua Zhang and Ping Zhang
Communications (ICC), 2012 IEEE International Conference on
DOI: 10.1109/ICC.2012.6363754
Publish Year: 2012

Abstract: In this paper, we investigate a novel slotted ALOHA-based distributed cognitive network in which a secondary user (SU) selects a random subset of channels for sensing, detects an idle (unused by licensed users) subset therein, and transmits in any one of those detected idle channels. First, we derive a range for the number of channels to be sensed per SU. Based on that, the analytical average system throughput is derived in both saturation and non-saturation networks. Second, the relationship between the average system throughput and the number of sensing channels is attained. We show that the optimal number of sensed channel in a given number of SUs is dependent on the number of licensed channels, the number of idle channels, and the transmission probability of each SU. Finally, the analytical results are validated by substantial simulations.

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