Abstract: The rapid growth of mobile applications in recent years has created a need for wideband wireless communication. The only predictable trend is that data-rate and QoS requirements will increase rapidly. This demand is pushing time-division-synchronous code-division multiple access (TD-SCDMA) to evolve in order to provide higher and higher data rates. This article presents the evolution map from TD-SCDMA to future terrestrial universal radio environment (FuTURE) TDD in China. The evolution includes four phases: low chip rate (LCR), high-speed downlink/uplink packet access (HSxPA)/TD-SCDMA EV 1x, long-term evolution (LTE) TDD, and FuTURE beyond 3G TDD. The main features of each phase are described in detail. By introducing the new technologies into the system step by step, for example, multiple input and multiple output (MIMO), orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM), TD-SCDMA system can evolve to FuTURE B3G TDD smoothly, and provide high-data-rate services with low cost, low latency, and improved coverage and capacity.